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Economic Data (USA)

Friday, June 28, 2024

PCE Price Index + Personal Income + Consumer Spending Report for May 2024

The Commerce Department's Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) released its report on The PCE Price Index, Consumer Spending and Personal Income for May,  2024:


Consumer Spending (Personal Consumption Expenditures)

Previous Reading (revised): +0.1%
  • Actual: +0.2%
  • Actual: (2017 Chained* Dollars): +0.3%

Personal Income

Previous Reading: (unrevised) +0.3%
  • Actual: +0.5%

  • Disposable Personal Income (DPI), Now Dollars: +0.5%
  • DPI (2017 Chained* Dollars): +0.5%


The above highlighted percentages represent the month-to-month change in Consumer Spending (aka Personal Consumption Expenditures), Personal Income and Disposable Personal Income for the entire United States.


Personal Consumption Expenditures (PCE) Price Index
Previous Reading: +0.3%
Actual: FLAT 

  • Change from 12 months previous: +2.6

Core PCE Price Index
( = PCE Price Index minus food and energy)
Previous Reading: +0.3%
Actual: +0.1%

  • Change from 12 months previous: +2.6%

The yellow-highlighted percentages represent the month-to-month change in the prices associated with domestic personal consumption.  The PCE Price Index is different from the Consumer Price Index (CPI) in that it is a very broad measure of the prices associated with domestic products and services, while the CPI measures a more limited fixed basket of goods and services.

The broad nature of the PCE Price Index is key to why it is the Federal Reserve's preferred measure of inflation.  The Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) pays very close attention to it.


The "predicted" figures are what economists were expecting, while the "actual" figures are the true or real figure.


Click here to view the full
Commerce Department report (PDF)


CHART: Disposable Personal Income, Outlays + Savings - May 2024 Update
CHART: Disposable Personal Income,
Outlays + Savings - May 2024 Update


*Chained dollars is a method of adjusting real dollar amounts for inflation over time, so as to allow comparison of figures from different years. The Commerce Department introduced the chained-dollar measure in 1996. Chained dollars generally reflect dollar figures computed with 2012 as the base year.

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